Are cam models sex workers? 

Only performer, camgirl or sex worker? Let's chat.4 min


Buckle in, I have a whole lot of thoughts about this question. I won’t pinpoint the exact origin of this question, because it’s beside the point. However, the reason I bring it up is that’s it’s a question I’ve seen asked time and time again – in various forms. The question boils down to whether or not cam models/clip makers/online Dominatrixes etc., are sex workers.


There are a lot of arguments as to whether the answer is yes, or no. In fact, there are so many arguments that I could probably write an entire dissertation exploring them, and maybe one day I will. 


First, I’m going to explain my personal opinion. Put simply, yes I do believe that cam models and the like, are sex workers. If you are providing sexual enjoyment or pleasure, whether that be online or in-person, you are a sex worker. If you are taking pictures for a photo set where you’re teasing to titillate, you are a sex worker. If you are selling foot pictures to make money on Instagram, you are a sex worker, because you are working in the sex industry. You are selling sex and the idea of sex.


You can’t turn around, and argue that they’re just feet when you know the person that requested the photos will get off on your feet – it will give them sexual pleasure. 


To boil it down, here’s how I view it in an analogy – a neurological one because the neurology department is where I spend half my time these days. In the field of neurology, there are plenty of subjects in which a neurologist can specialise. However, though a neurologist may specialise in a subject, they still have a background in neurology, and thus they are still a neurologist. Though sex work takes on many forms, sex workers choose the field they specialise in. Some prefer domination so they become Dominatrixes, some prefer to hang out on webcam, and some prefer to meet in person and give what’s known as ‘full-service work’, yet all give a level of pleasure suited to their specialism. There is an underlying commonality that binds sex workers together, as it should. 


Some view cam modelling as entertainment rather than sex work, because camming is technically (in some places) legal. Often they think they’re above the law, morally in the right, and so on. Here’s how it breaks down, I know that if I tell people I am a sex worker, I will get a worse reaction than if I tell people I’m an online dominatrix. However, this is still sex work. It’s just that online sex work is seen as more acceptable than in-person sex work.


Look at it from the other side, there is a view that to claim the title of a ‘sex worker’ you must do full-service work – escorting. I’ve even seen some claim that you can only be called a sex worker if you work on the streets. However, the notion that you have to ‘earn your stripes’ by doing full-service work to be called a sex worker, unsurprisingly does not sit well with me. This is one of those occasions where I can relate it to disability politics. I’ve had a lot of older people tell me I’m too young to be in a wheelchair, in the sense that I’ve not ‘earned’ my wheelchair yet. 


As with any subject, there are many sides to the story, and the above are just two sides to the complex topic of sex work. Everyone from the outside wants to both lump us together, yet divide us all at the same time – it’s not exactly straightforward for us, let alone everyone else. However, policing and gatekeeping the language and terms involved in sex work leads to arguments and dissonance. Sex workers are a community that has so many problems with outsiders, we need to come together to look out for each other because no one else will.


People dehumanise sex workers so often that to some it’s second nature to think of sex workers as ‘lower class citizens’. Sex workers are killed because of that stigma and will continue to be killed because of that stigma. This stigma is deadly, divisive, and it endangers the lives, and livelihoods of many. By distancing yourself from the community, you weaken the voice of the community and allow others to disregard us. This allows the stigma to perpetrate further. 


PayPal is a perfect example of the stigma sex workers face. PayPal is a company that stigmatises against a group of people purely down to the job they do. The problem with PayPal is that they will penalise the sex workers or the patrons of sex workers, but have no qualms working with the hosting companies or studios – like MFC. They regularly close the accounts of sex workers and patrons of sex work. PayPal denies a select group of people accesses to their services because of the job they do, even though accepting the custom of sex workers would be hugely beneficial to them.


At the end of the day, sex workers are trying to change the narrative the vast majority of the public have ingrained into their minds, both from what they’ve seen, and what they have been told. By using the collective term of a ‘sex worker’, we are trying to reclaim our own narrative, we are trying to show people our individual stories, and we are trying to stop the stigma. By splintering off, and attempting to distance ourselves from one branch of sex work to the next we confuse the public, we confuse the people that want to help us, and we confuse ourselves. 


Claiming that you’re not a sex worker because in your mind you have a preconceived notion of what is a sex worker is, is the reason we are fighting for our rights right now. It’s the reason politicians can sneak in, behind our backs to strip away the rights of the most easily targeted; the sex workers on the streets, and the sex workers that need to advertise to make money. 


It won’t be long before politicians make webcamming their target, what will all those cam models say when the politicians come for them? A number of services disallow use when porn is involved, (Skype for example) and yet cam models still use these programs for shows. How can they pretend that pleasing themselves for other’s pleasure is not a work of sex?


So, are cam models sex workers? You need to decide for yourself, but I urge you to take some time to consider it fully. If we’re to prosper as a community, or even survive – what with SESTA, FOSTA,  and the DE Bill, we must come together, and help each other.   

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Ruby Rousson

Self-professed 'Professional (Disabled) Internet Human' Ruby Rousson runs Arousibility, The Ruby Umbrella and a number of other sites that all aim to help disabled and chronically ill people in some way shape or form. Twitter and Instagram: @MissRubyRousson


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